Periodontal diseases are inflammations not in the tooth itself, but in structures around the teeth – in the gums, in the jaw that holds the tooth root, or in the periodontal ligaments. They are usually caused by dental plaque, but diabetes, hormonal changes, using a toothbrush that is too hard or brushing too hard can also contribute.
The main symptoms of gum (periodontal) disease:
Persistent bad breath;
Sudden tooth sensitivity;
Teeth that become loose or even fall out;
Receding gums, exposing the root surfaces of your teeth.
Untreated gum disease is harmful not only for the teeth, but also for your overall health – gum disease has been shown to be associated with the risk of diabetes, heart and respiratory diseases.
Usually, the first phase of periodontal disease is inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), i.e. swollen, painful, bleeding gums – sometimes the gums can also become overly hardened. Later, periodontal pockets can develop between the tooth and the root, where microorganisms accumulate and the inflammation continues to spread, and parts of the tooth roots are exposed.
The first step in treating gum disease is controlling the source of infection, removing tartar and plaque, and taking care of general oral hygiene; medication may also be prescribed.
If these measures are not enough, surgical treatment may be required. At Era Esthetic Dental, a Biolase device is used for periodontal treatment.
Periodontal procedures are performed under local anaesthesia to ensure the patient’s comfort.
It is important to remember that after periodontal treatment, you must be extremely thorough with oral hygiene.